Author: Καλαϊτζάκη Α., Μαυρουδής Γ.
Series: Αρχαία Μεσόγειος-Ancient Mediterranean Series I
The Mediterranean Sea: Interconnections between cultures from the Prehistoric to Byzantine Period (In Greek)
The 3rd Panhellenic Student Congress on Archeology entitled “The Mediterranean Sea: Interconnections between cultures from the Prehistoric to Byzantine Period”, which has been organized by the Department of Mediterranean Studies of the University of the Aegean in collaboration with the Region of the South Aegean, concluded with the publication of this volume. A total of twenty-six presentations managed to cover a wide range of intercultural relations, which developed in the Mediterranean Sea from Prehistoric to Byzantine times. Ten of them were submitted for judgment and are included in the proceedings of the present conference.
Author: Κουσούλης, Π.
Series: Ελληνικά Ακαδημαϊκά συγγράμματα και βοηθήματα
Introduction to the ancient Egyptian language and script (e-book in Greek)
The book is an introduction to the ancient Egyptian language and script. It presents the basic principles of the Middle Kingdom grammar, introducing the reader to the morphology and semantics of the hieroglyphic signs, the structures of the nominal and verbal syntax, the funerary formulae and the royal linguistics inscriber. The book is a synopsis of the complete Middle Egyptian grammar, which is in preparation by the author, and it is used as complementary workbook for the undergraduate and e-learning courses on the Egyptian language at the Department of Mediterranean Studies of the University of the Aegean.
Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Egyptologists.
These volumes publish more than 150 papers presented at the Tenth International Congress of Egyptologists, organized at the University of the Aegean (Rhodes), 22-29 May 2008. The articles are arranged in thematic sections, dealing with Archaeology, Royal ideology & society, Belief system & ritual, Language, literature & epigraphy, Art & vitreous material, Egypt and the south-eastern Mediterranean world, and Cultural heritage & museology.
Ancient Egyptian Demonology. Studies on the boundaries between the demonic and the divine in Egyptian magic.
Ιn the Egyptian context, what we term magic and demon, drawing on our own cultural heritage, are not seen as negative aspects of cultural practice and conceptualisation. Similarly, the Egyptian equivalents do not carry the pejorative connotations borne by the modern terms and their Greek antecedents; magic and demons can be forces for good as well as evil. Indeed, the practice of magic and the conceptualisation of personified demonic agents are central to the Egyptian understanding of the workings of the world from the very continuation of the cosmos itself down to the vicissitudes of existence faced by individuals. In particular, the broader practice of magic and articulation of the involvement of demonic agency form one of the crucial links in Ancient Egypt between individual existence on the human level and the level of nature or the cosmos, the realm of the gods. Unlike, though, the explicit recognition of the term demon in the ancient Greek language and religion, as the intermediary between god and mortals, the majority of the demonic names in the Egyptian literature do not possess an apparent ontological essence, or a clearly defined denotation. Their characteristics and role depended momentously on the verbal and performative ritual environment they were part of. The relation between the name of a demon and its cosmic-natural personification is not contradictory as it may seem, but it is closely interwoven in a well established ritual framework of words and actions. This multi-authored volume of 10 essays comprises an up-to-date authorization account of many aspects of ancient Egyptian demonology, including the multiple persona of the demonic or name vs. identity in the Egyptian formation of the demonic, nightmares and underworld demons, dream rituals and magic, categories of demonic entities and the vague distinction between the divine and the demonic in Egyptian cosmology and ritual, the theological and demonic aspects of Egyptian magic, demons as reflections of human society. Contributors include Paul John Frandsen, Hedvig Gyory, Joachim Friedrich Quack, Yvan Koenig, Panagiotis Kousoulis, Alan Lloyd, Robert Ritner, Alessandro Roccati, Kasia Szpakowska and Penelope Wilson.
Editors: Kousoulis P.
Series: University of the Aegean Egyptological Series 2
Tenth International congress of Egyptologists. Abstracts of papers.
The Tenth International Congress of Egyptologists was held in the island of Rhodes, Greece, from 22 to 29 May 2008. It was organized by the Department of Mediterranean Studies of the University of the Aegean under the auspices of the International Association of Egyptologists, Academy of Athens, Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Hellenic Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs. The contributions were organised on a series of major themes within Egyptology: Egypt – Greece in Antiquity, cultural heritage, Egyptian archaeology and art, the Egyptian belief-system, sociology, literature and philology, the archaic state and the origins of culture, Egyptian history, foreign relations and diplomacy. In accordance with modern trends in academic conferences, the Organising Committee proposed to administer a refereed Congress. Therefore, all abstracts included in this volume were accepted through the peer-review system established for the Congress.
Editors: Kousoulis, P.
Series: University of the Aegean Egyptological series 1
Studies on the ancient Egyptian cultures and foreign relations.
The volume contains the papers from the First Egyptological Research Seminar at the Department of Mediterranean Studies of the University of the Aegean during the Fall semester 2005.
Contents: Ludwig D. Morenz, ‘The Early Dynastic period in Egypt’, pp. 3-31; Ludwig D. Morenz, ‘Kulturelle Einverleibungen fremden Wissens zu einer semitischen Spruchfolge in einem ägyptischen medico-magischen Papyrus des Neuen Reiches (BM 10059)’, pp. 33-53; Yvan Koenig, ‘Magic and Religion in Ancient Egypt: analogy and performativity’, pp. 55-68; Anthony Spalinger, ‘Ramesses ludens et alii’, pp. 71-86; Spyros Syropoulos, ‘Athenian private enterprise and economic relations with Egypt during the archaic period (750 – 480 B.C.)’, pp. 87-101; N. Λαζαρίδης, ‘Ματιές στην κοινωνία και τον πολιτισμό της Eλληνορωμαϊκής Αιγύπτου: Ελληνοαιγυπτιακές σχέσεις συνύπαρξης και πολιτισμικής συναλλαγής και η απεικόνισή τους στις γραπτές αιγυπτιακές πηγές’, pp. 103-17.
Moving Across borders. Foreign relations, religion and cultural interactions in the ancient Mediterranean.
The broader Mediterranean area, which includes twenty five nations today, was the witness of the development of some of the most important and magnificent civilisations of the past. The Mediterranean Sea facilitated to a great extent this development through cross-cultural exchanges, which were mobilized by various modes of thought and action. This multi-authored volume of 20 essays comprises an up-to-date authorization account of many aspects of international politics, foreign relations, religious and cultural interactions in the Southeastern Mediterranean region during the second and first millennium BC. Subjects discussed include Egyptian foreign policy and diplomatic relations, wars and treaties, Greco-Egyptian contacts and their semantic connotations, international trade, artistic imports and exports, linguistic and cultural interactions, mobilization of religious ideas and ideologies, geopolitics and diplomacy. Contributors include Peter Brand, Panagiotis Frantzis, Susanne Görke, Brett Heagren, Yvan Koenig, Kenneth Kitchen, Panagiotis Kousoulis, Yvan Ladynin, Alan Lloyd, Christofilis Maggidis, Konstantinos Magliveras, Samuel Meier, Ludwig Morenz, Alexandre Nemirovky, Robert Ritner, Alessandro Roccati, Anthony Spalinger, Elizabeth Walters, Sabine Weber, Penelope Wilson and Renate Müller-Wollermann.
Author: Παναγιώτης Η. Μ. Κουσούλης
ISBN: 960-421-063-7, ISBN: 13 978-960-421-063-3
In search of eternal life: Death and mummification in Ancient Egypt (in Greek).
Egyptian society has shaped its funeral worldview on three main axes: on the perception of the nature and characteristics of the underworld (Duat) and the afterlife, on the perception of the peculiarities of human existence and its place in the cosmic world, and on the human reaction to the phenomenon of death and the preservation of the memory of the dead. The ancient Egyptian obsession for the dead and the funerary practices was not based on an ideological connection with death and the netherworld, but rather on an attempt to preserve the memory and existence of the dead after their biological death. The core issue in the funeral ideology of the ancient Egyptians was not death itself, but the continuous renewal of life after death. In the uninterrupted preservation of the existence in the Duat and its rebirth every morning all the funerals and practices (embodiment, monumental burial architecture, burial offerings and offerings) that were the subject of this book were intended.
Author: Κουσούλης, Π.
Year: Within 2020
Series: Ελληνικά Ακαδημαϊκά συγγράμματα και βοηθήματα
Ancient Egypt and the world of Greek antiquity (e-book in Greek)
The book examines important aspects of the cultural interaction and communication of ancient Egypt with the world of Greek antiquity during the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. The material remains of the Greek presence in Egypt and the Egyptian presence in the Aegean and mainland Greece are presented, and the diverse interactions in the field of art, architecture, religious and funeral ideology between the two cultures are analyzed. At the same time, the role of the foreigner in Egyptian society and worldview is examined and the changes that foreign populations bring to the Egyptian social ideology of the Late period are highlighted. Particular emphasis is given to the character and semantics of ancient Egyptian religion and ritual practice, as well as the consequent effects on the magical-religious and philosophical tradition of the classical world and Late Antiquity.
Author: Κουσούλης, Π.
Year: Within 2020
Egyptian hieroglyphics: Morphology and syntax of the Egyptian language of the Middle Kingdom, 2 Vols (in Greek).
A complete grammar of the Middle Egyptian with assorted excercises and texts to be publised at the end of 2016.
Author: Κουσούλης, Π.
Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. I: Predynastic Egypt and the Great Kingdoms (in Greek)
An updated record and analysis of the major aspects and the new discoveries in Egyptian archeology. The first volume focuses on the archeology of Predynastic Egypt and the Great Kingdoms (Old, Middle, New), with a special emphasis on the funeral and religious architecture, art, origin and development of cities and their residential architecture, and on the Egyptian interconnections with the Aegean and the Near East during the third and second millennia BC.
Author: Kalaitzaki, A.
Aspects of the Egyptian-Canaanite Relations in the Late Bronze Age as Reflected on Scarabs (Master Thesis, University of the Aegean, Department of Mediterranean Studies)
The Second millennium BCE and more specifically, the late Middle (c.1650-1550 BCE) and Late Bronze Ages (c.1550-1070 BCE), were characterized by two crucial developments: a) the inhabitance of Egypt by the Hyksos and b) the military and administrative presence of Egypt as a form of expression of the imperialistic policy it followed in Canaan during the Late Bronze Age, especially after the rise of Thutmose III on its throne. Despite the fact that the Egyptian-Canaanite relations were reflected in several aspects of the ancient civilizations of Egypt and the Near East, it was the scarabs which played a major role, providing key evidence for the demonstration and interpretation of these relations. In the Second Intermediate period, the Hyksos maintained commercial and cultural relations with Canaan and introduced designs and motifs from the Middle Bronze Age in Egypt. After the expulsion of the Hyksos and the conquest of Egyptian policy in Canaan there is no evidence of continuation of Middle Bronze Age designs, as Egyptian scarabs were imported to Canaan. Focusing on the historical background of Egypt and Canaan it is possible to shed more light on the relations of these regions and how the ‘shadow’ of Egyptian imperialism reflected on scarabs during the Late Bronze Age. Being based on the scarab base designs, iconography and their context, it can be proven that cultural exchanges of both regions, the Egyptian and Canaanite deities, managed to be acquired under Egyptian supervision. All the previously mentioned had manifested during this period such as the temple context of Canaan and the level of technology. The aim of this thesis is the demonstration and description of the Egyptian and Canaanite relations, by analyzing the historical backgrounds of both regions. Also, the appearance of Canaanite influences on Egyptian scarabs and the Egyptian influences, which emerged on Canaanite scarabs will also be depicted. Finally, the manifestation of Egyptian and Syro-Palestine deities, by categorizing the designs and deities chronologically and how to interpret them in the Egyptian and Canaanite iconography during the Middle and New Kingdom will also be studied, especially the Syro-Palestinian deities. The Syro-palestine deities will be mentioned by analyzing their capacity in Canaan and Egypt and presenting statistical tables about their popularity in material culture.
Author: Apostola, E.
Interaction of ideas, symbols and cultures in the Southeastern Mediterranean from the 8th-6th c. BC: Hybrid and theriomorphic entities of Egyptian origin in the Aegean world (PhD Thesis, University of the Aegean, Department of Mediterranean Studies
The main objective of this doctoral thesis is to study the cultural contacts of the Aegean world with Egypt during the 8th and 6th centuries BC, and in particular the relations in the complex field of religion. It attempts to identify possible Egyptian influences (mainly elements of magic and popular cult) on the Greek religious beliefs of the Archaic Period or even interactions, based on representations of Egyptian theriomorphic and demonic entities. By studying Egyptian / Egyptian religious motifs and figures, the research aims to trace modes of adaptation and transformation of Egyptian religious and magical ideas in the cultic milieu of the Aegean. Through this approach, it is possible to prove that the diffusion of Egyptian deities and their interaction with local divine entities, which is already evident in the Archaic Period, sets the base for the religious syncretism of the Hellenistic Era.
Author: Antonatos, P.
Interpretation of pharaonic Egyptian figures: Contributing to the study of human attitudes and movements (PhD Thesis, University of the Aegean, Department of Mediterranean Studies)
My aim and main focus were to categorize, interpret and designate the logic behind Egyptian kinesiology, as can be reflected from the iconographical material. A logic that reveals, although abruptly, the non-wordy element of the widely applied body language. By studying available evidence, an attempt was made to trace possible reasons for choosing specific attitudes and movements.
Egyptian body, mainly through stillness of burial iconography, silent body language and its “muted” eloquence, seems to be able to reveal thoughts, intentions, passions, desires, feelings, habits, behaviors, and even character traits. The content of the information that Egyptian body reveals is broad, because it serves as a transmitter of signals and signs not always expressed through the language. The signals of Egyptian body often precede the speech. The expressive body language, due to its immediate visualized perception, works either as a complement to the relation between image and speech, or independently from the meaning of words. The close connection of Egyptian body with its visual and verbal rendering makes it a powerful carrier of various concepts ultimately revealing significant aspects of Egyptian culture.
Author: Kontopoulos, G.
Diplomatic Marriage in New Kingdom Egypt: The Foreign Wives of the Pharaohs and the Diplomatic Correspondence around them (Master Thesis, University of Liverpool)
The involvement of Egypt in the wide system of diplomacy established around the Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East during the Bronze Age was reflected in several aspects of the Egyptian civilization. The diplomatic contacts between Egypt and its neighbours became prominent through the depiction of foreign delegations and foreigners in several contexts of Egyptian art. In addition, several references relating to the establishment of diplomatic relationships appear in the ancient Egyptian literature. Furthermore, the ideology the Egyptians had towards foreigners, the foreign and imperial policies of Egypt, the exchange of products and people and the diplomatic correspondence between Egypt and its neighbour states confirmed the level of diplomatic contacts between Egypt and foreigners. All of these aspects reached their peak during the New Kingdom and left their trace in the archaeological and textual evidence from that period. Despite the various ways in which diplomatic relationships might be established and maintained between Egypt and its neighbours, the subject of this study is the role of diplomatic marriage. The aim of this dissertation is to give the context of diplomatic marriage within diplomatic relationships to be maintained between Egypt and its Asiatic neighbors during the New Kingdom. With that aim, different sources of evidence will be compared in order to examine the practice of diplomatic marriage during New Kingdom. In addition, the status of the participants, especially that of the foreign queens recorded in the Amarna Letters and the archaeological evidence which has survived from New Kingdom Egypt, will be analyzed and compared with the status of the Egyptian participants, the native Egyptian queens and the Pharaoh. Through that comparison we will be able to reveal the terms under which the diplomatic relationships between Egypt and its Asiatic neighbors were maintained during the New Kingdom.